Although there is no cure for CP, a number of treatment options exist that can alleviate the symptoms and, in some cases, allow a patient to gain greater functioning in the affected limb. Many children go on to enjoy near-normal adult lives if their condition is properly managed. Physical therapy, occupational therapy, therapeutic recreation and speech and language therapy provide significant benefits. The earlier treatment begins, the better the chance a child has of overcoming developmental disabilities or learning new ways to accomplish challenging tasks.

Texas Comprehensive Spasticity Center

At the Texas Comprehensive Spasticity Center, our affiliated physicians collaborate to provide personalized care for each patient, choosing the best treatment for each individual. The comprehensive team consists of a pediatric neurologist who specializes in movement disorders, three pediatric neurosurgeons, pediatric orthopedists and a pediatric physical medicine and rehabilitation specialist, plus physical and occupational therapists, a clinical trial program manager and physician assistants and medical assistants who coordinate care. This multidisciplinary approach ensures the most comprehensive specialized treatment for each patient, beginning with evaluation – observation, videos and medical tests – and continuing through treatment and therapy.

If your child is diagnosed with CP, a multidisciplinary team of affiliated physicians and specialists will perform additional tests to identify vision and hearing impairment, speech delays or impairments, intellectual disabilities, movement disorders and other developmental delays.

What Are the Types of Treatment for Cerebral Palsy and Spasticity?

Girl playing piano with adultTreatments range from oral medications – the least invasive – to select dorsal rhizotomy, and depend on the child’s specific condition.

Oral baclofen or muscle relaxants relax stiff or contracted muscles but may not always be effective. Because they have side effects ranging from drowsiness and changes in blood pressure to the risk of liver damage, their use requires continuous monitoring. They’re appropriate for children who need only mild improvement in muscle tone or who have widespread spasticity.

Botulinum toxin (Botox®), administered by local injection, relaxes contracted muscles by keeping nerve cells from over-activating them. Muscle relaxation occurs within days and peaks after a month, with the effect of the injection lasting three to four months.

Intrathecal baclofen therapy (ITB) requires a surgically implanted programmable pump, which uses a small catheter to deliver a concentrated form of baclofen directly to the intrathecal space surrounding the spinal cord, where the medication mixes with the cerebrospinal fluid and circulates throughout the central nervous system. Because the medication is administered continuously and directly into the intrathecal space, an ITB can be effective in providing a steady relief of symptoms without the drowsiness that is normally associated with oral baclofen. Potential side effects include increased weakness, cerebrospinal fluid leaks, and the risk of infection around the device, which is implanted below the skin in the abdomen. The pump does require regular maintenance by a physician, and because it is battery powered, the pump will need to be replaced every 5 to 7 years.

For cases of severe spasticity, selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) is a surgical procedure recommended when more conservative treatments – physical therapy, oral medications and drug infusion – have failed to reduce spasticity. A neurosurgeon locates and selectively severs overactivated nerves at the base of the spinal column. The procedure is most commonly used to relax muscles and decrease chronic rigidity in one or both of the lower or upper limbs.

During SDR, a neurosurgeon locates and selectively severs overactivated nerves at the base of the spinal column. The procedure is most commonly used to relax muscles and decrease chronic rigidity in one or both of the lower extremities. Benefits of SDR include immediate reduction of spasticity in patients ages 2 to 40 with spastic diplegia or spastic hemiplegia and reduced risk of spinal deformities in later years. Potential side effects include sensory loss, numbness, or uncomfortable sensations in limb areas once supplied by the severed dorsal nerve rootlets. A large surgical case series (approximately 2,700 cases) showed a minimal risk of a cerebrospinal fluid leak or need for surgical fusion.

What Types of Rehabilitation Are Used for Cerebral Palsy and Spasticity?

Boy on machine going through rehabilitationPhysical therapy (PT) focuses on basic mobility, such as rolling, sitting, standing, walking, climbing stairs, reaching or operating a wheelchair, and can help individuals:

  • Develop coordination
  • Normalize muscle tone and build strength
  • Improve posture and balance
  • Maintain or increase flexibility
  • Improve gait
  • Optimize physical functioning levels
  • Maximize independence
  • Minimize pain and discomfort

Children with CP may also experience difficulty communicating, as CP often affects the language centers of the brain that control speech. Speech therapy:

  • Supports learning and education
  • Improves literacy
  • Increases confidence and independence
  • Improves socialization
  • Eliminates self-consciousness
  • Reduces shyness

Occupational therapy (OT) is an integral part of a Cerebral Palsy patient’s overall treatment program. By applying the proven techniques and latest technologies, our occupational therapists enable individuals with a variety of challenges to achieve as much independence as possible in their daily lives.

Patient Stories

  • Patient Carlos Miranda

    Defying the odds: Carlos’ story of courage, hope and resilience

    September 9, 2022

    Carlos’ intraventricular hemorrhage (neonatal brain bleed) led to scarring in his brain from being born prematurely. The severe scarring and lack of blood flow to his brain tissue contributed to periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), a softening of the white brain tissue near the fluid-f...

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  • Himanshu smiling

    Himanshu’s Story: Novel Treatment for Hereditary Spastic Paraparesis

    March 7, 2022

    A novel treatment approach at Children’s Memorial Hermann Hospital is giving 17-year-old Himanshu Prasad the opportunity to live life free of the muscle tightness and spasticity that has plagued him since birth.

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  • Aubree Ford

    Aubree Ford: Positive Steps Towards Independence

    January 7, 2019

    Aubree was diagnosed as a baby with spastic triplegic cerebral palsy. In her case, both her legs and her left arm had spasticity – a condition that made her affected limbs rigid and stiff. Because of the spasticity, Aubree has had physical therapy since she was a baby to help manage it. She has n...

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  • Samantha Shine

    Samantha Shines On

    September 22, 2015

    When Samantha Shine came to TIRR Memorial Hermann Pediatric Outpatient Rehabilitation at the Kirby Glen Center, the 3-year-old was still eating puréed food – very slowly – and was underweight for her age. Six months later, she eats breakfast, lunch and dinner with her family an...

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  • Moya

    Moya's Story: Cerebral Palsy

    March 26, 2013

    As an infant, Moya was diagnosed with a global developmental delay and, as a toddler, she was diagnosed with cerebral palsy. She was delayed in movements and milestones that a toddler normally accomplishes, such as sitting up, standing and saying a few clear words. Moya had received therapy befor...

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More Information

For additional information on spastic cerebral palsy, visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention page or the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke page.

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