Below are a list of key terms commonly used in digestive health.
Acid reflux: a painful condition in which acids regurgitate from the stomach into the esophagus, also referred to as GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease)
Anus: the opening of the rectum through which solid waste leaves the body
Barrett's esophagus: a pre-cancerous condition of the esophagus caused by chronic acid reflux.
Bile ducts: a network that transports digestive fluids from the liver and gallbladder to the intestine
Biopsy: the cellular study of tissue removed from a living body
Bronchoscope: a flexible instrument used to examine airways.
Cholangioscopy: examination of the bile ducts via endoscopy.
Colon: the main part of the large intestine
Digestive system: Comprised of the esophagus, small intestine, colon, rectum and anus
Duodenum: the first part of the small intestine
Endoscope: a long, narrow, flexible tube with a small light and camera at one end
Endoscopy: the process of inserting an endoscope for diagnostic or preventive purposes.
Enteroscope: a tool used to examine the inside of the intestines
Esophagus: the muscular tube that connects the throat to the stomach
Gallbladder: the organ that works in conjunction with the liver and pancreas to assist with food digestion
Gallstones: a small mass in the gallbladder that blocks the bile ducts
Gastrointestinal: relating to the stomach and intestines
Liver: the organ responsible for blood filtration, detoxification and metabolism
Pancreas: a gland that secretes digestive enzymes into the intestine
Polyps: small, benign growths
Proctoscope: a tool used to examine the anus and rectum
Pulmonary: relating to the lungs
Rectum: the area where the large intestine meets the anus
Sigmoid colon: the part of the large intestine close to the rectum and anus
Sigmoidoscope: an endoscope used to examine the last one-third of the colon
Small intestine/bowel: the longest part of the digestive system
Stent: a device that keeps tubes or vessels open
Stomach: located in the upper abdomen, where the initial stages of digestion occur
Strictures: the irregular narrowing of a passage or duct
Trachea: also known as the 'windpipe,' a major connector that carries air to the lungs
Ulcers: a painful, open sore on the skin or a mucous membrane
Ultrasound: a procedure in which images are generated by sound vibrations
Upper GI Tract: the area of the digestive system that includes the esophagus, stomach and duodenum
Varices: the irregular dilation or swelling of a vein or veins
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