A concussion is an injury to the brain caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body that can change the way your brain normally works. Concussions can also occur from a fall or a blow to the body that causes the head and brain to move quickly back and forth.

You cannot see a concussion. Signs and symptoms may appear immediately following the injury or may not be noticed until days or longer after the injury.

 Observable Signs of a Concussion

  • Appears to be dazed or stunned
  • Is confused about assignments or position
  • Forgets instruction such as sports plays
  • Is unsure of game, score or opponent
  • Moves clumsily
  • Answers questions slowly
  • Loses consciousness (even briefly)
  • Cannot recall events PRIOR to hit or fall (retrograde amnesia)
  • Cannot recall event AFTER hit or fall (anterograde amnesia)

Symptoms Reported by the Athlete

  • Headache or pressure in head
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Dizziness or balance problems
  • Double or blurred vision
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Sensitivity to noise
  • Feeling sluggish, hazy, foggy, groggy or slowed down
  • Concentration or memory problems
  • Confusion
  • Generally does "not feel right" or is "feeling down"

When to Seek Immediate Medical Attention at an Emergency Room

If a concussion has occurred, be observant for the following signs.  If any of the signs with an asterisk (*) are observed, seek medical attention at the nearest emergency room or call 9-1-1.

  • Headache that increases in intensity*
  • Nausea or vomiting*
  • Difference in pupil size from left eye to right eye or dilated pupils*
  • Blurred or double vision*
  • Slurred speech*
  • Noticeable changes in level of consciousness (difficulty awakening or sudden loss of consciousness)*
  • Seizures*
  • Decreased or irregular pulse or breathing*
  • Mental confusion or behavior changes
  • Dizziness
  • Memory Loss
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Changes in gait or balance

Contact Us

For more information on IRONMAN orthopedic doctors or surgeons, treatment for injuries, scheduling Human Performance services, or getting more information about physical therapy, please fill out the form below or call us at (713) 222-2273

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