An estimated 50 to 70 million adults in the United States have a sleep or wakefulness disorder, which can be identified by a home sleep study or sleep lab study. Sleep problems like obstructive sleep apnea can lead to daytime sleepiness, irritability, problems with memory, depression and falls or accidents during the day. Because of the risks of sleeplessness, it’s important to see an experienced specialist in sleep medicine.
Problems in this are are linked to motor vehicle crashes, industrial disasters and occupational errors. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, people with sleep insufficiency are also more likely to suffer from chronic diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, depression and obesity, as well as from cancer, increased mortality and reduced quality of life.
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) causes uncomfortable sensations in the legs and an irresistible urge to move them, usually later in the day and into the evening hours. The severity of those sensations typically peaks at night when a person is resting. They also can happen when someone is sitting for a long period of time. As the severity increases during the night, sleep can often be disrupted. Moving the legs or walking can relieve the discomfort but the sensations may return when you return to bed.
RLS occurs in both men and women, although women are more likely to have it than men, and it is estimated that up to 7-10 percent of the U.S. population may suffer from it.
Chronic insomnia is a common sleep disorder, affecting about 10 percent to 15 percent of the general population, and is generally characterized by difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep. It can last for months or longer at a time, and typically is a side effect of another health condition.
Symptoms include one or more of the following:
A recent systematic review by the American College of Physicians recommended cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia, often called CBTi, as the optimal initial treatment for adults and children with chronic insomnia. This treatment has been found to be as effective as the most commonly prescribed sleep medications in the short term and more effective than medication for long-term insomnia management.
Memorial Hermann’s CBTi Program consists of an initial assessment and five comprehensive treatment sessions developed to:
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