Gestational trophoblastic tumor is a disease in which cancer cells grow in tissues that are formed following conception of a baby. The two main types of gestational trophoblastic tumors are hydatidiform mole and choriocarcinoma. Gestational trophoblastic tumor may look like a normal pregnancy in the early stages.
In hydatidiform mole, also called a molar pregnancy, the sperm and egg cells have joined without the development of a baby in the uterus. The tissue formed resembles grape-like cysts.
Choriocarcinoma may start from a hydatidiform mole or from tissue that remains in the uterus following an abortion or delivery of a baby. Choriocarcinoma can spread from the uterus to other parts of the body.
Two kinds of standard treatment are used to treat gestational trophoblastic tumor: surgery and chemotherapy. Radiation therapy may be used in certain cases to treat cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.
Surgery to remove the cancer may involve one of the following operations:
Even if the surgeon removes all the cancer visible at the time of surgery, some patients may be given additional treatment via chemotherapy or radiation therapy after surgery to kill any remaining cancer cells.
Memorial Hermann Cancer Centers are accredited by the American College of Surgeons’ (ACoS) Commission on Cancer (CoC). This rare distinction is given to cancer programs that uphold the highest standard of care for patients. When you choose Memorial Hermann Cancer Centers for your cancer treatment, you can rest assured you will receive the best possible care delivered by a compassionate team of caregivers in a calm, healing environment.
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